Inflexões subalternas nos cosmopolitismos vernaculares

Sneja Gunew

Resumo


Resumo: O conceito sobre o termo relativamentre novo, “cosmopolitismos vernaculares”, identifica as responsabilidades e os contextos globais ao mesmo tempo que reconhece que eles estão sempre enraizados e enredados em interesses locais, os quais incluem os grupos minoritários que competem dentro da nação. Este artigo examina o termo “europeu” com o objetivo de desnudar os debates revisionistas sobre o cosmopolitismo, especialmente em relação aos “cosmopolitismos vernaculares” que funcionam como uma maneira de incluir os “cosmopolitismos subalternos” por meio da desagregação do cosmopolitismo, num movimento análogo à noção de “processo democrático agnóstico” de Stuart Hall. O paradoxo da frase acima reflete o movimento duplo desses debates: no termo cunhado por Homi Bhabha o “doméstico” ou “nativo” vernacular está sempre em uma relação dialógica com a “ação a distância” do cosmopolitismo global. Exploro essa dinâmica ao focalizar os significados discrepantes de “europeu” e dos termos a ele associados. Neste artigo, meu argumento central é: os termos “oeste” e “europeu” devem ser desconstruídos para que não possam mais ser invocados, nos debates pós-coloniais, como incontestáveis categorias heurísticas como, por exemplo, o “oeste e o resto.” Os novos debates sobre cosmopolitismo abrem caminho para se reconhecer, como estados-nação e como parte da União Europeia, a heterogeneidade cultural de tais entidades geopolíticas. Reconhecer o cosmopolitismo dos grupos subalternos facilita esse empreendimento e ajuda a restabelecer uma perspectiva “planetária.”

Palavras-chave: cosmopolitismo; diáspora; Austrália.

Abstract: The concept of the relatively new term “vernacular cosmopolitanisms” acknowledges global contexts and responsibilities at the same time that it recognizes that these are always rooted in and permeated by local concerns that include competing minority groups within the nation. This paper examines the term “European” as a way to unpack revisionist debates in cosmopolitanism –specifically, in relation to “vernacular cosmopolitanisms”, which is a way of including “subaltern cosmopolitanisms” by disaggregating cosmopolitanism in ways that echo Stuart Hall’s notion of an “agnostic democratic process.” The paradox of the phrase reflects the double movement of these debates: in Homi Bhabha’s coinage of the term, the vernacular “native” or “domestic” is always in a dialogic relation with the global- cosmopolitan “action at a distance.” I explore this dynamic by focusing on the discrepant meanings of “European” and associated terms. My central argument in this paper is that “European” and the “West” are terms that need to be deconstructed so that they can no longer be invoked as self-evidently heuristic categories in post-colonial debates, for example, the “West and the rest.” The new cosmopolitan debates provide avenues for recognizing the cultural heterogeneity of such geo-political entities as nation-states and the European Union. Recognizing the cosmopolitanism of subaltern groups facilitates this enterprise and helps to reinstate a “planetary” perspective.

Keywords: cosmopolitisme; diáspora; Australia.


Palavras-chave


cosmopolitismo; diáspora; Austrália.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17851/2317-2096.19.1.21-42

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Aletria: Revista de Estudos de Literatura
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