O dilema das relações internacionais sob a ascensão de Roma no Mediterrâneo, 350-200 a.C.

Rafael Scopacasa

Resumo


A expansão da hegemonia romana no Mediterrâneo nos oferece um interessante estudo de caso para explorar a transição de uma anarquia para uma hierarquia internacional. Até que ponto, e de que maneira, a ascensão hegemônica romana (séculos IV-III a.C.) alterou a conduta dos Estados italianos, os primeiros a sentir os efeitos da supremacia romana? De que modo esses Estados reagiram às profundas mudanças no sistema internacional provocadas pela ascensão de Roma? Para abordar essas questões, é necessário seguirmos os relatos historiográficos de Políbio (200-120 a.C.) e Tito Lívio (59 a.C. – AD 17), cujas narrativas sobre a expansão romana inicial são as únicas que nos chegaram relativamente completas. Será proposto que, apesar de encontrarem-se subordinados à nova supremacia romana no século III a.C., muitos Estados italianos continuaram agindo como se fossem unidades autônomas e independentes no plano internacional.


Palavras-chave


Roma; teoria das Relações Internacionais; hegemonia; anarquia; historiografia antiga.

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17851/1983-3636.13.2.153-171

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Direitos autorais 2018 Rafael Scopacasa

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Nuntius Antiquus
ISSN 2179-7064 (impressa) / ISSN 1983-3636 (eletrônica)

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Esta obra está licenciada com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.