A narrativa norte-americana e a Segunda Guerra Mundial

Tom Burns

Resumo


Resumo: Neste artigo são discutidas as narrativas ficcionais e jornalísticas da Segunda Guerra Mundial no contexto de discórdia da sociedade norte -americana, que esteve dividida entre isolacionistas e intervencionistas durante os primeiros anos da guerra. A participação espontânea na guerra e a dúvida sobre uma percepção clara por que os homens lutavam têm sido questionadas por historiadores revisionistas. Era consenso geral, entanto, que a guerra era tanto justa como necessária. As questões políticas e sociais da guerra, como o totalitarismo, o racismo e outras formas de opressão, não são ignoradas pelas narrativas ficcionais sobre os combates. As narrativas jornalísticas e os filmes de Hollywood ocupam-se mais em mostrar o combatente como representante de valores americanos.

Palavras-chave: literatura norte-americana; narrativas de guerra; literatura e sociedade.

Abstract: This article discusses fictional and journalistic narratives of the Second World War within the divided climate of opinion of American society, which, during the early years of the war, was split between isolationists and interventionists. The question of willing participation in the war and clear ideas as why men fought have been questioned by revisionist historians, but there was a general consensus that the war was both just and necessary. Political and social issues of the war, such as totalitarianism, racism, and other forms of oppression, are not neglected in the fictional narratives, even in the novels of combat. Journalistic narratives, like Hollywood movies, on the other hand, are more concerned with showing the fighting-man as representing perceived American values.

Keywords: North-American literature; narratives of war; socio-political issues in literature.


Palavras-chave


literatura norte-americana; narrativas de guerra; literatura e sociedade; North-American literature; narratives of war; socio-political issues in literature.

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17851/2317-2096.13.1.144-154

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Direitos autorais 2005 Tom Burns



Aletria: Revista de Estudos de Literatura
ISSN 1679-3749 (impressa) / ISSN 2317-2096 (eletrônica)

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.