The Visions of Orpheus in Milton's Lycidas

Luiz Fernando Ferreira Sá

Resumo


Resumo: As alusões ao mito de Orfeu em “Lycidas” de John Milton serão analisadas pela perspectiva de um signo relacional. Uma vez que o poema apresenta olhares opostos e diferentes incorporados no seu texto, a reescrita renascentista do mito de Orfeu será associada às mudanças de olhares, será acessada como a estrutura modeladora subjacente às transições entre um ponto de vista inocente e um ponto de vista iluminado e será pensada como uma tomada (fragmentada) de consciência no processo de definição de duas ordens de existência: a humana e a divina.

Palavras-chave: olhar; ponto de vista; Orfeu; Milton.

Abstract: In John Milton’s “Lycidas” the allusions to the Orpheus myth will be analyzed through the perspective of a relational sign. Since the poem has different and opposing gazes incorporated into the text, the Renaissance rewriting of the Orpheus myth will be associated with the changes of gazes, will be assessed as the modeling frame that underlies the transitions from an innocent to an enlightened viewpoint, and will be focused as the fragmented configuration of consciousness in the process of defining two orders of existence: the human and the divine.

Keywords: gaze; viewpoint; Orpheus; Milton.


Palavras-chave


olhar; ponto de vista; Orfeu; Milton; gaze; viewpoint; Orpheus.

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


ABRAMS, M. H. Five Types of Lycidas. In: PATRIDES, C. A. (Ed.). Milton’s “Lycidas:” The Tradition and The Poem. New York: Holt, Rinehart, 1961. p. 212-235.

ADAMS, Richard P. The Archetypal Pattern of Death and Rebirth in Milton's Lycidas. PMLA, v. 14, p. 183-188, 1949.

ALPERS, Paul. Lycidas and Modem Criticism. ELH, v. 49, n. 2, p.468-496, Summer 1982.

BAKER, Stewart A. Milton's Uncouth Swain. In: SIMMONDS, J. D. (Ed.). Milton Studies 3. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1971. p. 35-53.

BLACKBURN, Thomas H. Lycidas: Eternity as Artifice. In: SIMMONDS, J. D. (Ed.). Milton Studies. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1992. v. 27, p. 79-93.

CAREY, John; FOWLER, Alastair. The Poems of Milton. London: Longmans, Green, 1968.

FOWLER, Alastair. “To Shepherd’s Ear”: The Form of Milton’s Lycidas. In: FOWLER, A. (Ed.). Silent Poetry. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1970. p. 170-184.

FRIEDMAN, Donald M. Lycidas: The Swain’s Paideia. In: SIMMONDS, J. D. (Ed.). Milton Studies. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1971. v. 3. p. 3-34.

GUILLORY, John. Poetic Authority: Spenser, Milton, and Literary History. New York: Columbia University Press, 1983.

HOOKER, Richard. Lycidas and the Ecphrasis of Poetry. In: SIMMONDS, J. D. (Ed.). Milton Studies. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1992. v. 27. p.59-77.

JAY, Martin. Downcast Eyes: The Denigration ofVision in Twentieth-Century French Thought. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.

KAMINSKI, Thomas. Striving with Virgil: The Genesis of Milton's ‘Blind Mouths’. Modern Philology, v. 92, n. 4, p. 482-487, May 1995.

LANGDON, S. Tammuz and Ishtar. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1914.

LAWRY, J. S. "Eager Thought": Dialectic in Lycidas. PMLA, v. 77, n. 1, p. 27-32, 1962.

LIEB, Michael. "Yet Once More": The Formulaic Opening of Lycidas. Milton Quarterly, v. 12, p. 23-28, 1978.

LIEB, Michael. Milton and the Culture of Violence. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994.

MACCAFFREY, Isabel G. Lycidas: Poet in a Landscape. In: SUMMERS, J. H. (Ed.). The Lyric and Dramatic Milton. New York: Columbia University Press, 1965. p. 65-92.

MALLETTE, Richard. Spenser, Milton, and Renaissance Pastoral. Lewisburgh: Bucknell University Press, 1981.

MARTZ, L. Milton: Poet of Exile. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.

MAURO, Jason Issac. Engine Trouble in Milton's Lycidas. ELN, p. 25-30, June 1993.

MAYERSON, Caroline W. The Orpheus Image in Lycidas. PMLA, v. 14, p.189-207, 1949.

MCCOLLEY, Diane. Milton's Eve. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1983.

MILTON, John. Paradise Regained, The Minar Poems and Samson Agonistes. Ed. By M. Y. Hughes. New York: The Odyssey Press, 1937.

NIETZSCHE, Friedrich. The Birth of Tragedy from the Spirit of Music. In: ADAMS, H. (Ed.). Critical Theory Since Plato. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1971. p. 628-634.

PATTERSON, Annabel. Couples, Canons, and the Uncouth: Spenser-and­ Milton in Educational Theory. Critical Inquiry, v. 16, n. 4, p. 773-793, Summer 1990.

PATRIDES, C. A. "Something Like Prophetic Strain": Apocalyptic Configurations in Milton. In: MAJOR, J. et al. (ed.). Milton Essays and Reviews. ELN, March 1982. p. 193-207.

RANSOM, John Crowe. A Poem Nearly Anonymous (Lycidas). In: THORPE, J. (Ed.). Milton Criticism. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1962. p.225-238.

REESING, John. Milton's Poetic Art. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1968.

SÁ, Luiz Fernando Ferreira. The Myth of Orpheus in Milton's L.Allegro, Il Penseroso, and Lycidas. Belo Horizonte: UFMG, 1996.

SHAWCROSS, John T. John Milton: The Self and the World. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 1993.

SILVER, Victoria. Lycidas and the Grammar of Revelation. ELH, v. 58, p. 779-808, 1991.

TILLYARD, E. M. W. Milton. London: Longmans; Green, 1962.

TILLYARD, E. M. W. The Miltonic Setting. London: Chatto & Windus, 1966.

WITTREICH, Joseph A. Milton and the Line of Vision. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1975.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17851/2317-2096.11.0.126-143

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.


Direitos autorais 2003 Luiz Fernando Ferreira Sá



Aletria: Revista de Estudos de Literatura
ISSN 1679-3749 (impressa) / ISSN 2317-2096 (eletrônica)

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.