Altered States of Literature: Shamanic Assimilation and Romantic Inspiration / Estados alterados de literatura: assimilação xamânica e inspiração romântica

Marcel de Lima Santos

Resumo


Abstract: This article deals with the connections between the assimilation of certain shamanic practices related to Romantic inspiration in English literature. The interest in the world of altered states of consciousness as a manifestation of the sacred is typical among Romantic writers in nineteenth-century England. These writers in fact sought the manifestation of the world of dreams by means of ingesting substances that alter consciousness, thus assimilating a practice that is likewise and primarily shamanic. This search is the object under investigation in this article, which aims at showing that, despite conspicuous cultural differences, there are indeed similarities that pervade shamanic practices and the Romantic ideal in their quests toward the sacred.

Keywords: shamanism; romanticism; assimilation.

Resumo: Este artigo trata das conexões entre as assimilações de certas práticas xamânicas, relativas à inspiração romântica na literatura de expressão inglesa. O interesse no mundo de estados de consciência alterada como uma manifestação do sagrado é típico entre os escritores românticos na Inglaterra do século 19. Esses escritores, de fato, buscavam a manifestação do mundo dos sonhos pela ingestão de substâncias que alteram a consciência, assimilando, portanto, uma prática que é igual e primordialmente xamânica. Essa busca é o objeto de investigação deste artigo, que procura mostrar que, apesar das diferenças culturais mais conspícuas, similaridades permeiam as práticas xamânicas e o ideal romântico em suas peregrinações ao sagrado.

Palavras-chave: xamanismo; romantismo; assimilação.


Palavras-chave


shamanism; romanticism; assimilation; xamanismo; romantismo; assimilação.

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


ABRAMS, M. H. The milk of paradise. The effect of opium visions on the works of de Quincey, Crabble, Francis Thompson and Coleridge. Boston: Harvard University Press, 1934.

ATKINSON, Jane. Shamanisms today. Annual Review of Anthropology, v. 21, p. 307, 1992.

BATE, Walter Jackson. Perspectives of criticism. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1950.

BOON, Marcus. The road of excess: a history of writers on drugs. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002.

BURROUGHS, William; GINSBERG, Allen The yage letters. San Francisco: City Lights Books, 1963.

BYRON, George Gordon. The dream. In: ______. The poems of Byron: a selection. London: Oxford University Press, 1966. p. 57.

CASTANEDA, Carlos. The teachings of Don Juan. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1968.

CHAUMEIL, Jean Pierre. Between zoo and slavery: the Yagua of Eastern Peru in their present situation. Copenhagen: International Group for Indigenous Affairs, 1984.

CHAUMEIL, Jean Pierre. La politique des esprits: chamanismes et religions universalistes. Nanterre: Société d’Ethnologie, 2000.

CLIFFORD, Geertz. Religion as a cultural system. In: BANTON M. (Ed.). Anthropological approaches to the study of religion. London: Tavistock, 1966. p. 85-126.

COLERIDGE, Samuel Taylor. Kubla Khan or a vision in a dream. A fragment. In: ______. The Norton anthology of English literature. New York: Norton, 1988. v. 2.

COLERIDGE, Samuel Taylor. The Norton anthology of English literature. New York: Norton, 1988. v. 2.

DE QUINCEY, Thomas. The pains of opium. In: ABRAMS, M. H. The Norton anthology of English literature. New York: Norton, 1993. v. 2. p. 451.

DE QUINCEY, Thomas. Confessions of an English opium eater. In: ABRAMS, M. H. (Ed.). The Norton anthology of English literature. New York: Norton, 1993. v. 2. p. 446-459.

DE QUINCEY, Thomas. Confessions of an English opium eater. London: Macdonald, 1956. ELIADE, Mircea. Shamanism: archaic techniques of ecstasy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1964.

HAYTER, Alethea. Opium and the romantic imagination. Berkeley: California University Press, 1968.

HOLMES, Richard. Coleridge: darker reflections. London: Harper Collins, 1998.

HUXLEY, Aldous. The doors of perception. London: Flamingo, 1994 [1954].

LANGDON, E. J. Matteson; BAER, Gerhard (Ed.). Portals of power: shamanism in South America. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1992.

LANGDON, Jean Matteson. La muerte y el más allá en las culturas indígenas latinoamericanas. Quito: ABYA, 1992.

LEADER, Zachary. Writer’s block. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991.

LEADER, Zachary. Revision and romantic authorship. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.

LEARY, Timothy. The psychedelic experience. New York: Citadel, 1995.

LONOFF, de Cuevas. Wilkie Collins and his Victorian readers. New York: Ams Press, 1982.

LOWES, J. Livingston. The road to Xanadu. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1927.

MILLGATE, Jane. Walter Scott: the making of the novelist. Toronto: Toronto University Press, 1984.

PETERS, Catherine. The king of inventors: a life of Wilkie Collins. London: Secker & Warburg, 1991.

SCHNEIDER, Elisabeth. Coleridge, opium, and “Kubla Khan”. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1953.

SHELLEY, Percy Bysshe. A defense of poetry. In: ABRAMS M. H. (Ed.). The Norton Anthology of English literature. New York: Norton, 1988. v. 2. p. 752-765.

SPENCER, R. F. Review of studies in shamanism. American Anthropology, v. 70, n. 2, 1968.

SUTHERLAND, Johh. Turns unstoned. Times Literary Supplement, p. 30, Oct. 1998.

TAUSSIG, Michael. Shamanism, colonialism and the wild man: a study in terror and healing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986.

TAUSSIG, Michael. The devil and commodity fetishism in South America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1980.

TAUSSIG, Michael. The nervous system: homesickness and Dada. Stanford Humanities Review, v. 1, n 1, p. 44-81, 1989.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17851/2317-2096.22.3.253-264

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.


Direitos autorais 2012 Marcel de Lima Santos



Aletria: Revista de Estudos de Literatura
ISSN 1679-3749 (impressa) / ISSN 2317-2096 (eletrônica)

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.