Espaço, lugar, identidade: geografias raciais em Our Nig, de Harriet E. Wilson / Space, Place, Identity: Racial Geographies in Our Nig, by Harriet E. Wilson

Jose de Paiva dos Santos

Resumo


Resumo: Este ensaio examina Our Nig,2 publicado em 1859 e considerado o primeiro romance escrito por uma mulher afrodescendente nos Estados Unidos, como uma crítica ao racismo contra os negros residentes nos estados do Norte do país, região normalmente vista pelos negros sulistas como solidária à causa abolicionista. À luz de insights provenientes da antropologia cultural e da geografia social, o texto discutirá como Harriet E. Wilson representa a formação de espaços e lugares racializados, que acabam se tornando ferramentas de dominação e exploração da mão de obra negra. Através dos abusos à personagem central do romance, a mulata Frado, Wilson discute a racialização dos lugares em uma residência em particular, a da família Bellmont. No entanto, fica evidente que o escopo crítico do romance é bem mais amplo. Além de expor ideologias raciais oitocentistas que sustentavam a demarcação racial dos espaços, ao usar a casa como metáfora para a nação, a autora traz à tona uma contradição inerente no pensamento abolicionista: por um lado, a abominação da escravidão; por outro, a segregação e a exclusão social do sujeito negro.

Palavras-chave: espaço; escravidão; raça; romance; Estados Unidos.

Abstract: This essay examines Our Nig, published in 1859 and considered the first novel written by a woman of African ancestry in the United States, as a critique of northern racist attitudes towards blacks in the north, a region usually depicted by southerners as sympathetic to abolitionist movements. Drawing from insights from the fields of cultural anthropology and social geography, the essay discusses how Wilson represents the dynamics of racialized spaces and places, which become handy tools of domination and exploitation of black labor. Through the abuses inflicted on the main character, the mullata Frado, Wilson meditates about the racialization of places in a particular residence, the Bellmont’s. Yet, it becomes evident in the course of the novel that the critical scope is much broader. Besides exposing nineteenth-century racial ideologies which underscored the racial demarcation of spaces and places, by using the house as a metaphor for nation, the author reveals an inherent contradiction in the abolitionist campaign: on the one hand, the abhorrence of slavery; on the other, social segregation of the black subject.

Keywords: space; slavery; race; novel; United States.


Palavras-chave


espaço; escravidão; raça; romance; Estados Unidos; space; slavery; race; novel.

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17851/2317-2096.23.3.187-198

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Direitos autorais 2013 Jose de Paiva dos Santos



Aletria: Revista de Estudos de Literatura
ISSN 1679-3749 (impressa) / ISSN 2317-2096 (eletrônica)

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