A técnica de ERP no processamento de sentenças de crianças: uma revisão / The ERP technique in children’s sentence processing: a review

Marília Uchôa Cavalcanti Lott de Moraes Costa

Abstract


Resumo: A medição da ativação cerebral por meio da técnica de potenciais relacionados a eventos (ERP) tem sido valiosa para lançar luz sobre diversas cognições humanas. A linguagem é uma das cognições que têm sido estudadas com essa técnica de grande resolução temporal entre o estímulo apresentado e a ativação observada decorrente desse estímulo. A área de aquisição da linguagem tem se beneficiado especialmente dessa técnica, dado que é possível investigar relações entre dados linguísticos e a ativação cerebral sem a necessidade de uma resposta explícita, como apertar um botão ou apontar para uma imagem. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar o estado da arte sobre o processamento de frases em crianças utilizando a técnica de ERP.

Palavras-chave: ERP/EEG; processamento de frases; aquisição da linguagem; N400; P600.

Abstract: The measurement of brain activation through the technique of event related potentials (ERP) has been valuable in shedding light on various human cognitions. Language is one of those cognitions that has been studied with this technique, which allows for more accurate temporal resolution between the stimulus presented and the time in which we observe an activation resulting from this stimulus. The area of language acquisition has especially benefited from this technique since it is possible to investigate relationships between linguistic data and brain activation without the need for an explicit response. The purpose of this article is to present the state of the art in children’s sentence processing captured by the ERP technique.

Keywords: EEG/ERP; sentence processing; language acquisition; N400; P600.


Keywords


EEG/ERP; sentence processing; language acquisition; N400; P600.

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