A behavioral study to investigate the processing routes of grammatical gender in Brazilian Portuguese

Natália Carolina Alencar Resende, Mailce Borges Mota

Abstract


Este artigo apresenta um estudo comportamental que teve como objetivo investigar se substantivos inanimados do português do Brasil, transparentes quanto ao seu gênero gramatical (substantivos femininos terminados em -a e masculinos terminados em -o) e opacos (outras terminações) são ou não processados por mecanismos cognitivos distintos. Para tanto, uma tarefa de concordância de gênero foi executada por 19 sujeitos em duas condições: entre um artigo definido e um substantivo (condição 1) e entre um substantivo e um adjetivo (condição 2). Fatores como a frequência dos substantivos e adjetivos (alta vs. baixa) e forma fonológica (transparente vs. opaca) foram manipulados. Os resultados mostram que, em ambas as condições, a frequência é um forte preditor de respostas mais rápidas, sugerindo que tanto formas transparentes quanto formas opacas podem ser armazenadas na memória. Este padrão foi encontrado em ambas as condições. Estes resultados foram interpretados como evidência para a visão unitária de processamento da linguagem.


Keywords


gênero gramatical; português do Brasil.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17851/2237-2083.25.3.1367-1395

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