An ERP study of kind-denoting nouns in subject position in Brazilian Portuguese

Aniela Improta França, Cagy Mauricio, Antonio Fernando Catelli Infantosi

Abstract


A referencialidade é um tópico que sempre renova o interesse da linguística teórica e experimental. Isso porque as referências são recursos fundamentais das línguas naturais que estabelecem uma relação entre a língua no cérebro e as coisas do mundo lá fora. Este experimento investiga duas condições referentes a mecanismos de referencialidade: uma relaciona-se a um NP não específico na posição do sujeito e a outra se relaciona a um NP que denota tipo influenciado por um contexto especial de Conhecimento do Mundo. A comparação entre as duas condições nas suas versões congruente e incongruente revelou que a Condição do Conhecimento do Mundo apresentou um ERP (N400) com latência mais curta. Já que as sentenças são percebidas em uma ordem linear e que o sujeito em português (língua SVO) vem na frente, aqui se propõe que o acesso ao sujeito pragmaticamente saliente na sua posição sentença-inicial abre, logo de início, uma moldura pragmática e pode restringir a seleção no verbo-complemento, fazendo com que o merge verbo-objeto se dê de forma mais rápida. Isso pode explicar porque o N400 relacionado aos estímulos do Conhecimento do Mundo apareceu mais cedo do que na Condição de Controle. Adicionalmente, encontrou-se um ERP positivo em torno dos 600 ms apenas presente nos estímulos da Condição de Conhecimento do Mundo e ausente na Condição de Controle. A interpretação deste achado é que o pleno acesso ao conteúdo pragmático que está no sujeito só ocorre após o merge do complemento ao verbo.


Keywords


hipótese sintaxe-primeiro; pragmática no processamento de sentenças; extração de potenciais relacionados a evento; N400-P600.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17851/2237-2083.25.3.1433-1461

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