Social affective variations in Brazilian Portuguese: a perceptual and acoustic analysis

Albert Rilliard, João Antônio Moraes

Abstract


Este trabalho descreve e analisa um corpus de 17 atitudes prosódicas produzido por 21 falantes do português do Brasil (PB). A interpretação dada a essas atitudes baseia-se em um experimento de escolha livre (free-labelling) do qual participaram 22 ouvintes brasileiros. O agrupamento das diferentes expressões obtidas no experimento é relacionado aos parâmetros acústicos da prosódia (F0, intensidade, duração), e sua interpretação é feita com base na literatura sobre a manifestação da expressividade na fala e nas teorias do uso simbólico da voz em interações (código da frequência, de Ohala, e código do esforço, de Gussenhoven). Os resultados mostram que as principais dimensões de sentido identificadas pelos ouvintes podem ser reagrupadas em três grandes categorias: valência positiva, expressões assertivas e expressões dubitativas, dimensões que se correlacionam com as medidas acústicas.


Keywords


prosódia; free-labelling; dimensões de sentido; medidas acústicas.

Full Text:

PDF

References


BANSE, R.; SCHERER, K. R. Acoustic profiles in vocal emotion expression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Washington, American Psychological Association, v. 70, n. 3, p. 614-636, 1996.

BOERSMA, P.; WEENINK, D. Praat: doing phonetics by computer [Computer program]. Version 6.0.07. Disponível em: http://www.praat.org/. Acesso em: 3 sep. 2016.

BOROD, J. C.; PICK L. H.; HALL, S.; SLIWINSKI, M.; MADIGAN, N.; OBLER, L. K.; WELKOWITZ, J.; CANINO, E.; ERHAN, H. M.; GORAL, M.; MORRISON, C.; TABERT, M. Relationships among facial, prosodic, and lexical channels of emotional perceptual processing. Cognition & Emotion, Taylor & Francis Online, v. 14, n. 2, p. 193-211, 2000.

BRANDT, P. A. Thinking and language. A view from cognitive semio-linguistics. In: INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SPEECH PROSODY, 4th, Campinas, Brazil. Proceedings… Campinas: Unicamp, 2008. p. 649-654.

BRYANT, G. A. Verbal irony in the wild. Pragmatics & Cognition, John Benjamins, v. 19, n. 2, p. 291-309, 2011.

CHANG, N. C. T. Tones and intonation in the Chengtu dialect (Szechuan, China). Phonetica, Karger Publishing, v. 2, n. 1-2, p. 59-85, 1958.

DANEŠ, F. Involvement with language and in language. Journal of Pragmatics, Elsevier, v. 22, n. 3-4, p. 251-264, 1994.

DELATTRE, P. Comparing the prosodic features of English, German, Spanish and French. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, De Gruyter, v. 1, n. 1, p. 193-210, 1963.

FÓNAGY, I.; BÉRARD, E. «Il est huit heures»: contribution à I’analyse sémantique de la vive voix. Phonetica, Karger Publishing, v. 26, n. 3, p. 157-192, 1972.

FUJISAKI, H.; HIROSE, K. Analysis and perception of intonation expressing paralinguistic information in spoken Japanese. In: ESCA WORKSHOP ON PROSODY, 1993, Lund, Sweden. Proceedings… Lund, Sweden: University of Lund, 1993. p. 254-257.

GOLDMAN, J. P. EasyAlign: an automatic phonetic alignment tool under Praat. In: ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOCIATION (InterSpeech), 12th, 2011, Firenze, Italy. Proceedings… Firenze, Italy: International Speech Communication Association, 2011. p. 3233-3236.

GONZÁLEZ-FUENTE, S.; ESCANDELL-VIDAL, V.; PRIETO, P. Gestural codas pave the way to the understanding of verbal irony. Journal of Pragmatics, Elsevier, v. 90, p. 26-47, 2015.

GOUDBEEK, M.; SCHERER, K. R. Beyond arousal: Valence and potency/control cues in the vocal expression of emotion. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Acoustical Society of America, v. 128, n. 3, p. 1322-1336, 2010.

GREENBERG, Y.; SHIBUYA, N.; TSUZAKI, M.; KATO, H.; SAGISAKA, Y. Analysis on paralinguistic control in perceptual impression space using multiple dimensional scaling. Speech Communication, Elsevier, v. 51, p. 585-592, 2009.

GU, W.; ZHANG, T.; FUJISAKI, H. Prosodic Analysis and Perception of Mandarin Utterances Conveying Attitudes. In: ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOCIATION (InterSpeech), 12th, 2011, Firenze, Italy. Proceedings… Firenze, Italy: Speech Communication Association, 2011. p. 1069-1072.

GUERRY, M.; SHOCHI, T.; RILLIARD, A.; ERICKSON, D. Perception of prosodic social affects in French: a free-labeling study. In: INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF PHONETIC SCIENCES (ICPhS), 18th, 2015, Glasgow, UK. Proceedings… Glasgow, UK: The Scottish Consortium for ICPhS, 2015. 4p.

GUERRY, M.; RILLIARD, A.; ERICKSON, D.; SHOCHI, T. Perception of prosodic social affects in Japanese: A free-labeling study. In: SPEECH PROSODY, 8th., 2016, Boston, USA. Proceedings… Boston, USA: University of Boston, 2016. p. 811-815.

GUSSENHOVEN, C. The phonology of tone and intonation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

HANSON, H. M. Glottal characteristics of female speakers: Acoustic correlates. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Acoustical Society of America, v. 101, n. 1, p. 466-481, 1997.

HUSSON, F.; LÊ, S.; PAGES, J. Exploratory Multivariate Analysis by Example Using R. London: Chapman and Hall, 2011.

LIENARD, J. S.; BARRAS, C. Fine-grain voice strength estimation from vowel spectral cues. In: ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOCIATION (InterSpeech), 14th, 2013, Lyon, France. Proceedings… Lyon, France: Université de Lyon, 2013. p. 128-132.

MARTINS-BALTAR, M. De l’énoncéà l’énonciation: une approche des fonctions intonatives. Paris: Didier, 1977.

OHALA, J.J. The frequency codes underlies the sound symbolic use of voice pitch. In: HINTON, L.; NICHOLS, J.; OHALA, J. J. (Ed.). Sound symbolism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994. p. 325-347.

OSGOOD, C. E.; SUCI, G. J.; TANNENBAUM, P. H. The measurement of meaning. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1957.

OSGOOD, C. E.; MAY, W. H.; MIRON, M. S. Cross-cultural universals of affective meaning. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1975.

R CORE TEAM. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. [Computer Program]. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Disponível em: https://www.R-project.org/. 2016.

RILLIARD, A.; ERICKSON, D.; SHOCHI, T.; MORAES, J. A. Social face to face communication – American English attitudinal prosody. In: ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOCIATION (InterSpeech), 14th, 2013, Lyon, France. Proceedings… Lyon, France: Université de Lyon, 2013. p. 1648-1652.

RILLIARD, A.; ERICKSON, D.; DE MORAES, J. A.; SHOCHI, T. Cross-cultural perception of some Japanese politeness and impoliteness expressions. In: BAIDER, F.; CISLARIU, G. (Ed.). Linguistic approaches to emotions in context. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2014. p. 251-276.

ROMNEY, A. K.; BOYD, J. P.; MOORE, C. C.; BATCHELDER, W. H.; BRAZILL, T. J. Culture as shared cognitive representations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), v. 93, n. 10, p. 4699-4705, 1996.

ROMNEY, A. K.; MOORE, C. C. Toward a theory of culture as shared cognitive structures. Ethos, Wiley Online Library, v. 26, n. 3, p. 314-337, 1998.

ROMNEY, A. K.; MOORE, C. C.; BATCHELDER, W. H.; HSIA, T.-L. Statistical methods for characterizing similarities and differences between semantic structures. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), v. 97, n. 1, p. 518-523, 2000.

SADANOBU, T. A natural history of Japanese pressed voice. Journal of the Phonetic Society of Japan, Phonetic Society of Japan, v. 8, n. 1, p. 29-44, 2004.

SCHERER, K. R. Emotions are emergent processes: they require a dynamic computational architecture. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Royal Society Publishing, v. 364, n. 1535, p. 3459-3474, 2009.

SPENCER-OATEY, H. Reconsidering power and distance. Journal of Pragmatics, Elsevier, v. 26, p. 1-24, 1996.

TITZE, I. R.; SUNDBERG, J. Vocal intensity in speakers and singers. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Acoustical Society of America, v. 91, n. 5, p. 2936-2946, 1992.

TRAUNMÜLLER, H.; ERIKSSON, A. Acoustic effects of variation in vocal effort by men, women, and children. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Acoustical Society of America, v. 107, n. 6, p. 3438-3451, 2000.

ULDALL, E. Attitudinal meanings conveyed by intonation contours. Language and Speech, Sage Publications, v. 3, n. 4, p. 223-234, 1960.

WIDEN, S. C.; RUSSELL, J. A. A closer look at preschoolers’ freely produced labels for facial expressions. Developmental Psychology, American Psychological Association, v. 39, p. 114-128, 2003.

WIERZBICKA, A. Different cultures, different languages, different speech acts: Polish vs. English. Journal of pragmatics, Elsevier, v. 9, n. 2-3, p. 145-178, 1985.

WU, Y. C.; COULSON, S. How iconic gestures enhance communication: An ERP study. Brain and Language, Elsevier, v. 101, n. 3, p. 234-245, 2007.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17851/2237-2083.25.3.1043-1074

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
';



Copyright (c) 2017 João Antônio Moraes, Albert Rilliard

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

e - ISSN 2237-2083 

License

Licensed through  Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional    

Image result for fapemig

Grant #APL-00427-17 (2018-2019)