O movimento ocular na leitura realizada por revisores de textos / Revisers’ eye movement in reading

Délia Ribeiro Leite, José Olímpio de Magalhães

Abstract


Resumo: Este estudo objetivou investigar o processamento da leitura de profissionais revisores de textos, comparando o movimento ocular destes com o de sujeitos que não trabalham profissionalmente com revisão (não revisores). Na tarefa de leitura e detecção de erros realizada por 14 revisores e 14 não revisores, os participantes deveriam ler e revisar pequenos textos jornalísticos projetados no computador, clicando com o mouse nos erros e/ou inadequações que encontrassem. Havia dois tipos de erros nos estímulos experimentais: a) supressão de preposição e b) incoerência gerada por uma anáfora nominal incorreta. Na análise estatística, quando garantida a normalidade, foram realizados modelos mistos; do contrário, a análise foi realizada por meio de testes não paramétricos. Quanto à análise do movimento ocular, a perspectiva geral foi de que os revisores apresentaram valores mais elevados, o que significa que eles foram mais lentos na leitura do que os não revisores, o que foi identificado nas medidas do nível do texto, da sentença e do trecho alvo. Esta pesquisa contribui para uma caracterização dos processos de leitura envolvidos em tarefas de revisão de textos por revisores profissionais.

Palavras-chave: revisão de textos; revisão profissional; movimento ocular; proficiência.

Abstract: This study aims to investigate the reading processing of professional revisers comparing their eye movement with subjects who do not work professionally in revising (non revisers). In the reading and error detection task proposed and performed by 14 revisers and 14 non revisers, the participants had to read and edit short journalistic texts displayed on a computer, by clicking on the errors and/or inadequacies they found using the mouse. There were two types of errors: a) suppression of preposition and b) incoherence generated by an incorrect nominal anaphora. In the statistic analysis, when normality was ensured, mixed models were carried out; otherwise, the analysis was carried out by means of non-parametric tests. Considering the eye movement analysis, the general perspective indicate that revisers presented the highest values, meaning they were slower in reading than non revisers, which occurred concerning the measures of the text, sentence and local levels. This research contributes to a characterization of reading processes involved in revisions of texts by professional reviewers.

Keywords: revision; professional revisers; eye movement; proficiency.


Keywords


revision; professional revisers; eye movement; proficiency.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17851/2237-2083.25.3.1801-1830

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